Aspiration and infection of the lungs
When the stomach acid (liquid) that is refluxed passes the larynx then it can enter the lungs. In other words, If the liquid reaches the baby's airway aspiration may occur.
Aspiration can lead to infections and inflammation of the lungs and this can result in pneumonia.
This type of pneumonia can be very serious and requires immediate treatment usually in the form of antibiotics.
When aspiration is accompanied by symptoms it can slowly lead to progressive scaring of the lungs (pulmonary fibrosis) this can usually be seen on chest x-rays
Written by Tracey (LWR Chairman)